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World Malaria Day 2021 ... Global Health: Egypt is among 24 countries free of the disease


The World Health Organization and its partners celebrate World Malaria Day on April 25 each year, and despite the challenges posed by the Coronavirus pandemic, a number of these countries reported no cases of malaria in 2020, while others made impressive progress in their journey towards elimination. Malaria.


In a statement today, the World Health Organization said, in the face of the double threat of resistance to anti-malarial drugs and the Corona virus, the World Health Organization seeks to eliminate malaria in 25 countries by 2025, the World Health Organization congratulates the increasing number of countries that are almost eliminating malaria and reaching To be eliminated.


It was estimated that there were 229 million cases of malaria and 409,000 deaths related to malaria in 87 countries in 2019, and children under the age of five in sub-Saharan Africa remained about two-thirds of the deaths from this disease in the world.


The organization said: The organization’s African region bears 94% of all malaria cases and deaths in the world in 2019, and there are about 3% of malaria cases recorded during 2019 in the organization’s South-East Asia region and 2% of them in the organization’s Eastern Mediterranean region. , While the Western Pacific Region and the WHO Region of the Americas each account for less than 1% of all cases.


Desired goal: eradicate malaria

Although progress in the global malaria response has stalled in recent years, a growing number of countries with a low malaria burden are close to achieving and achieving the desired goal of eliminating malaria transmission.


She added, 24 countries have reported, between 2000 and 2020, that there have been no localized cases of malaria infection within 3 years or more, and these countries are Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Egypt, El Salvador, Georgia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Paraguay and Sri Lanka And the Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and the United Arab Emirates.


Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO, said: “The burden of malaria that many countries recognize today was very heavy. Malaria is an achievable goal for all countries.


The main factors driving success.

Despite the unique pathway that each country takes to eradicate the disease, common drivers of success have been observed in all regions.


"The engine of success is primarily a political commitment to eradicate disease within a country where malaria is endemic, and this commitment is embodied in providing local funding that often continues over several decades, even after a country is free of malaria," said Dr. Pedro Alonso, Director of the WHO's Global Malaria Program. .


He added that most of the countries that are able to eradicate malaria are countries that have strong primary health care systems that ensure that malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment services are available without facing any financial difficulties for all people residing within their territories, regardless of their nationality or legal status.


He added, robust data systems are also key factors for success, along with solid community participation, and several countries that eliminate malaria have relied on dedicated networks of volunteer health workers to detect and treat disease in remote and hard-to-reach areas.


Within the framework of the Eliminate Malaria by 2020 initiative, which began in 2017, the organization said, the organization has supported 21 countries in their endeavor to eliminate all cases of malaria by 2020, and a new report issued by WHO summarizes the progress made and lessons learned in these countries over the years. The last three.


Based on the achievements made in the framework of the Eliminate Malaria by 2020 initiative, the organization has identified a new group of countries consisting of 25 countries that can eliminate malaria within 5 years, and within the framework of the Eliminate Malaria by 2025 initiative launched today, these countries will receive support Specialist and technical advice in pursuit of the goal of eliminating malaria.


Addressing malaria during the Corona pandemic.

The emergence of Corona posed serious challenges in the framework of tackling malaria in the world in 2020, and since the beginning of the pandemic, the organization has urged countries to maintain basic health services, including malaria control services, by taking care at the same time to protect local communities and health workers from the transmission of Corona.


In response to the call, several malaria-endemic countries have taken impressive measures to respond to the pandemic by adapting the methods of providing malaria control services to the restrictions imposed by governments due to Corona, and thanks to these efforts, the worst-case scenario was most likely avoided, and the analysis showed that the number of deaths resulting from it is likely to double. Of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa in 2020 compared to 2018 if access to bed nets and anti-malarial drugs is severely curtailed.


Despite this, health services are still subject to significant disruption worldwide, more than a year after the outbreak of the pandemic, and according to the results of a new survey conducted by WHO, about a third of countries in the world reported disrupting malaria prevention, diagnosis and treatment services during the first quarter of the year. 2021.


In several countries, lockdown measures and restrictions on the movement of people and goods have resulted in delays in providing insecticide-treated bed nets and indoor insecticide spraying campaigns, and malaria diagnosis and treatment services have been disrupted due to the inability or unwillingness of many people to seek care in health facilities. Seek it.


The organization calls on all people residing in malaria-affected countries to overcome their fears, as those with fever should go to the nearest health facility to undergo malaria screening and receive the care they need in the context of national anti-Corona protocols.

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